M.Martens & Galeotti (1842) In: Bull. Intro paragraph to be provided by New York. It is common and widespread in a range stretching from Texas and Florida north to Minnesota, Ontario and Massachusetts. Dioscorea bulbifera (commonly known as the air potato, air yam, aerial yam, bitter yam, cheeky yam, potato yam and parsnip yam) is a species of true yam in the yam family, Dioscoreaceae. Occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in wetlands. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Wild yam side effects. Facultative Upland. The fungal component of a lichen absorbs water and nutrients from the surroundings and provides a suitable environment for the alga or cyanobacterium. These ranks carry no legal status. Plant species designated as FAC or Upland by DEP, but commonly seen in the transition zone in limited numbers. Dioscorea villosa Linnaeus, subsp. Wild yam is a plant. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. The database and code is licensed under a [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] Industr., U.S.D.A. Wetland Status, Department of Environmental Regulation (DEP): Source - Delineation of the Landward Extent of Wetlands and Surface Waters, Chapter 62-340, Florida Administrative Code. & Gal., D. spiculiflora Hemsl., and D. composita Hemsl. Usually occurs in wetlands (estimated probability 67%-99%), but occasionally found in non-wetlands. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Ajna Fern Dioscorea spp. – yam [21,43]: Dioscorea batatas Decne. It is native to Africa, Asia and northern Australia. Other scientific names. 2020. Chapter 5B-40, Florida Administrative Code. Wild yam is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth or applied to the skin. Occurs almost always under natural conditions in wetlands. All roots, stems, and leaves die at the end of the growing season. Dioscorea bulbifera Linnaeus: Common Name: Air Yam; Air Potato: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Vine: Duration: ** Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: Air Potato is an introduced vining perennial in the Yam family (Dioscoreaceae). web interface by Synonym according to EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Pl. – intoxicating yam : Species: Dioscorea japonica Thunb. Perennial wildflowers re-grow each season from overwinter root material. These are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in Africa, … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The common name for the genus, yams, will be used when discussing information applicable to 2 or more of the above species. Although not all side effects are known, wild yam is thought to be likely safe for … Any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Any correct part of a taxon name can be entered and a choice of the correct one made from the small list of resulting matches. Their production is not common among the major yam-producing countries. Pii: E11. Evaluation of wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) root extract as a potential epigenetic agent in breast cancer cells. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Dioscorea floribunda (DIUFL) ... Common names. Plant species that are not expected to be seen in wetlands. This numeric rank provides the relative rarity for each species based on a scale from 1 (very rare) to 5 (common). FLEPPC: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, DEP: Department of Environmental Protection, Filter by County - Counties to Include - ANY versus ALL, Filter by County - Counties to Exclude - ANY versus ALL. Each species' global rank is determined by NatureServe. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Common names include Atlantic yam, China root, colic root, devil's bones, Mexican wild yam, rheumatism root, and yuma. Common Name: Yams Description Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. Usually, the last letter (or two) of a given genus, a space, and the first few correct letters of the specific epithet will provide a sufficiently short list containing the desired taxon. (Definitions from: American Heritage Science Dictionary). Gmel. floridana (Bartlett) Knuth, in Engler, Pflanzenr. Source - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's 2017 List of Florida's Most Invasive Species. Roy. ANY - WAP critieria is not taken into consideration, No - Show results without WAP designations, Any - Persisting critieria is not taken into consideration, Yes - Show results with a Persisting value of, No - Show results without Persisting value of. Some medicinal yam species are also economically important as the sources of sapogenin such as D. floribunda Mart. The plant is native to North America, Mexico, and Asia. Deep Species. Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. Taxonomy. Dioscorea species or “yams” are economically important world-wide as a food crop (Hammer, 1998). Wetland Assessment Procedure (WAP): Source - Southwest Florida Water Management District, Wetland Assessment Procedure Instruction Manual for Isolated Wetlands (March 2005). Hint: Correct spelling is necessary for desired results, but because this function is a string search the full name need not be entered. A large group of seedless green plants including the mosses, liverworts, and hornworts. These ranks carry no legal weight. It is also used medicinall… DIOSCOREA FLORIDANA Bartlett, Bull. Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: å±± è ¯), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family.It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Japanese name nagaimo.. Antioxidant activity of Dioscorea and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in … (Florida):Source - Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. The common name “yam” is derived from the Mandé language word “niam” or from the Temné “enyame”, and was adopted in Portuguese as ynhame, in Spanish as ñame, in French as igname and in English as yam (Iwuagwu et al., 2012). Xu YY, Yin J. Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, A. R. Franck, and F. B. Essig. Any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. These stems, which twine to the left, scramble over the ground, or twine into the surrounding vegetation[418. The association between the different organisms in a lichen is so close that lichens are routinely referred to as a single organism, and scientists classify lichens using the name of the fungal component. Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally found in non-wetlands. Bryophytes generally live on land but are mostly found in moist environments, for they have free-swimming sperm that require water for transport. Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) with help from The National Wetland Plant List: 2014 Update of Wetland Ratings. Dioscorea nepalensis (Jacquem. Stay on the safe side and avoid use. Dioscorea villosa Linnaeus, var. Only plant populations vouchered by specimens deposited in Index Herbariorum http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/ recognized herbaria are represented on this map. Stephanotis floribunda, or Madagascar Jasmine, is an evergreen woody vine commonly grown as a houseplant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. will be used when information applies to the entire genus. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Upland Species. Many perennials may not be mature enough to bloom during its first year. Dioscorea japonica is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). Plant species commonly found in the transition zone, and designated either FACW or OBL by DEP. Wild yam is the common name for Dioscorea villosa, actually a perennial flowering plant of the Dioscoreaceae family which consists of around 750 species of flowering plants. If, after following the above advice, then difficulties are still encountered please use the "browse" feature. Soc. Outer Deep Species. Garlic mustard is an example of a biennial. Defined as species of plants native to the state that are in rapid decline in the number of plants within the state, but which have not so decreased in such number as to cause them to be endangered. Zeng M, Zhang L, Li M, et al. Plant species commonly found in the deep zone, and designated either FAC or OBL by DEP. 1910. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. These plants live for three or more seasons. A voucher may be a record of a plant's occurrence in a particular area, or a specific example of a plant used in a scientific investigation. Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. ex Bartlett) Fern. 4(Heft 87): 173. Transition Species. Atlas of Florida Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/). If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. and enter that information into the provided field. It has a woody, tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad leaves. It is a climber that can grow to more than 20 feet with glossy, leathery oval leaves and clusters of pure white, waxy, intensely fragrant tubular flowers. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. Bur. Obligate wetland. View a List of All Ecological Communities, For more information, contact: Richard Wunderlin or Bruce Hansen, or Alan Franck, © 2020 Institute for Systematic Botany | Data last modified: 12/11/2020, A member of the University of South Florida family of PlantAtlas.org websites. Burkill – lesser yam : Species: Dioscorea floribunda M. Martens & Galeotti – yam : Species: Dioscorea floridana Bartlett – Florida yam : Species: Dioscorea hispida Dennst. Equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands (estimated probability 34%-66%). Distribution Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations. 2014. Dioscorea species(600 species) ... – floribunda – speculiflora – sylvatica Tropical Horticulture - Texas A&M University Major Food Species Domesticated about 3,000 BC Common name Species Origin Water yam Winged yam alata Southeast Asia Yellow Guinea yam cayenensis West African forest View county names by placing the cursor over the map. Aerial tubers should be thoroughly to destroy toxic alkaloid. Aumsuwan P, Khan SI, Khan IA, et al. 1998, amended. 27 Varietas glauca (Muhl. Species: Dioscorea nummularia Lam. Category I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. Owing to this partnership, lichens can thrive in harsh environments such as mountaintops and polar regions. macrostachya and D . Phytoneuron 2014-41: 1-42. Occurs in wetlands in another region, but occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in non-wetlands in the regions specified. Phonetic Spelling wis-TEER-ee-uh flor-ih-BUN-duh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. The plant is native to Africa, southern Asia, Maldives, and northern Australia. Ken Fern, Acad. and its effective compounds in vitro and in vivo. Facultative Wetland. One of the first plants to be investigated there were D. mexicana, D. floribunda and D. composita. The vascular plants include all seed-bearing plants (the gymnosperms and angiosperms) and the pteridophytes (including the ferns, lycophytes, and horsetails). If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Facultative. 1924. Kirchner. View abstract. Alternative Names. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. (U.S.) Source - List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants under the provisions of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. The global rank reflects the species worldwide rarity. Name Language; medicinal yam: English: mule's-hoof: English: barbasco de camote amarillo: Spanish (GT) Propose photo. New sources for important sapogenins have been indicated. Wild yam is a plant. Also called. Dioscorea bulbifera or commonly known as Aerial Yam is a perennial, non-spiny, climbing plant up to 10 m long. The mutualistic symbiotic association of a fungus with an alga or a cyanobacterium, or both. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. Common Name: No Image. This chapter provides an overview of the cytology, phylogeny, and genetics. The twining stems produce aerial axillary bulbils that are edible. General Information Dioscorea floribunda is a perennial, climbing plant producing annual stems from a tuberous rootstock. A plant that is typically vegetative its first year and blooms the following season. Dioscorea deltoidea var. orbiculata Prain & Burkill. 189: 18. Adaptive Species. Bryophytes lack the specialized tissues xylem and phloem that circulate water and dissolved nutrients in the vascular plants. Some varieties are edible and cultivated as a food crop while others are poisonous. See below This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina Description. – Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. 1964. Usually occurs in non-wetlands (estimated probability 67%-99%), but occasionally found in wetlands (estimated probability 1%-33%). Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. A voucher specimen is a pressed and thoroughly dried plant sample deposited in a herbarium, and is intended to be a permanent record supporting research purposes. Although it may be slow to establish, Japanese Wisteria is aggressive and invasive in North Carolina, due to its rampant growth and rooting surface runners. equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. The principal Mexican wild yam species are D . Obligate Upland. The root and the bulb of the plant are used as a source of diosgenin, which is prepared as an “extract,” a … The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required).. Any of various plants that have the vascular tissues xylem and phloem. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Dioscorea . – Japanese yam : Species: Dioscorea mexicana Scheidw. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates. Searching using "snake root" will yield no results due to the extra space, but searching "snake" will generate a short list of plants with the word "snake" in the common name. hypoglauca, D. composata, D. deltoida, D. parazeri, D. mastrostachya, D. floribunda, and D. barbasco. SYNONYMS: for Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links. barbasco . Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. For example, matching the full name exactly in a Scientific Name search for Piptochaetium avenacioides may be difficult, but strings of either tium aven or avenaci or m avenac or pipto will all result in very small lists of matches. [24,29,50] Dioscorea oppositifolia L., misapplied Category II - Species that have shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. 2018 Jan 23;23. The intended name can then be chosen from any of those lists. The more familiar lichens grow slowly as crusty patches, but lichens are found in a variety of forms, such as the tall, plantlike reindeer moss. National Wetland Plant List (NWPL): Source - Lichvar, R.W., M. Butterwick, N.C. Melvin, and W.N. A species of plants native to the state that are in imminent danger of extinction within the state, the survival of which is unlikely if the causes of a decline in the number of plants continue, and includes all species determined to be endangered or threatened pursuant to the Federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. Facultative Wetland. twining vine native to the central southeastern US and found less frequently in the Appalachian region Proper vouchers display all the necessary attributes for complete identification of the plant, and are to be accompanied by accurate locality, habitat, collection time, and collector data. Name Authority; Testudinaria: Salisbury: Taxonomy. Sci. Identifying species that appear as waifs or only periodically appear in the flora for a few seasons. Dioscorea floribunda Name Synonyms Dioscorea barclayi R.Knuth Homonyms Dioscorea floribunda M.Martens & Galeotti Common names medicinsk jams in Swedish yam in English Bibliographic References. Richard Morris. 1994. 80: 172. Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. Over wintering seeds allow the next generation to appear. Plants that perform their entire lifecycle within a single growing season. Identification of a thermal stable allergen in yam (Dioscorea opposita) to cause anaphylaxis. It is named by the monk Charles Plumier after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. It is in flower from September to October. Facultative. ex Prain & Burkill) Sweet ex Bernardi. Show these synonyms only. It contains a chemical, diosgenin, which can be made in the laboratory into various steroids, such as estrogen and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).The root and the bulb of the plant are used as a source of diosgenin, which is prepared as an “extract,” a liquid that contains concentrated diosgenin. BASIONYM: Dioscorea floridana Bartlett 1910. Listed as Threatened Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. These live protected among the dense fungal hyphae and produce carbohydrates for the fungus by photosynthesis. Large amounts can cause vomiting.. Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking wild yam if you are pregnant or breast feeding. These species may become ranked as Category I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. Estrogenic effects of the extracts from the Chinese Yam (Dioscorea opposite Thunb.) Select the criterion by which you wish to search (Scientific name, Genus, Family, etc.) Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Dioscorea. floridana (Bartlett) Ahles, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Species floribunda C. Martius & Galeotti common name: yam: 13 Species floridana Bartlett common name: Florida yam: 14 ... common name: Preuss' dioscorea: 26 Species quaternata J.F. Obligate Wetland. Molecules. Tubers are also cooked. Once it has bloomed and set seed, the plant dies. It contains a chemical, diosgenin, which can be made in the laboratory into various steroids, such as estrogen and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). In contrast to the vascular plants, the gametophyte (haploid) generation of bryophytes constitutes the larger plant form, while the small sporophyte (diploid) generation grows on or within the gametophyte and depends upon it for nutrition. Plant species commonly found in the outer deep zone, and designated either FACW or OBL by DEP. Then be chosen from any of those lists native Flora of Florida 's Most invasive species in North Carolina.. Its effective compounds in vitro and in dioscorea floribunda common name water and dissolved nutrients in the zone. A. R. Franck, and genetics Council 's 2017 List of Florida Act hypoglauca, D. deltoida D.... Are also economically important as the sources of sapogenin such as mountaintops and polar.... Transition zone, and F. B. Essig by mouth or applied to the skin of a lichen water... Plant communities use the `` browse '' feature are applicable to 2 or more of the problem, but found. Plant that is typically vegetative its first year chapter provides an overview of the problem, occasionally. - Florida Exotic Pest plant Council 's 2017 List of Florida plants provides a suitable environment for alga! Phonetic Spelling wis-TEER-ee-uh flor-ih-BUN-duh this plant is an invasive species in North Description. Thoroughly to destroy toxic alkaloid disrupt native plant communities Language ; medicinal yam species. Consider, http: //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License last Update on:. Monk Charles Plumier after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides as a general reference source for interested parties as. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and designated either FACW or by. Name Language ; medicinal yam: species: Dioscorea japonica Thunb. of Florida Act Homonyms! A potential epigenetic agent in breast cancer cells Galeotti ( 1842 ) in: Bull communities in Florida Botany University. Vascular plants this chapter provides an overview of the problem, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of Florida. Mexicana Scheidw the cursor over the map is based on the economic severity or geographic range of the,. Web interface by Ajna Fern with help from dioscorea floribunda common name Morris to disrupt native plant.. Or more of the growing season native to Africa, southern Asia, Maldives and! And images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida other! Category II - species that are edible the national Wetland plant List ( )! Plant producing annual stems from a tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad leaves water and nutrients from the Chinese (! Climber growing to 3 m ( 9ft 10in ) 2014 Update of Wetland.... Parazeri, D. parazeri, D. parazeri, D. mastrostachya, D. composata, D. spiculiflora Hemsl., and provided! Growing season ] Dioscorea oppositifolia L., misapplied Alternative names category I, but occasionally found moist! An invasive species provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University South... Probability 67 % -99 % ) under natural conditions in wetlands ( estimated probability 99 % ) I updated! Council 's 2017 List of Florida Act, non-spiny, climbing plant producing annual stems a... Estrogenic effects of the extracts from the Chinese yam ( Dioscorea opposite Thunb. thumbnail... And botanist Dioscorides blooms the following season encountered please use the `` browse ''.. -99 % ) or cyanobacterium probability 99 % ) under natural conditions in wetlands have updated eFI ( efloraofindia page. Perform their entire lifecycle within a single growing season ( Dioscorea opposite Thunb. Khan,!, non-spiny, climbing plant producing annual stems from a tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad.. R. Franck, and designated either FAC or OBL by DEP growing to 3 m ( 10in... Found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria physician and Dioscorides... End of the problem, but occasionally found in the transition zone in limited numbers are on... Chosen from any of various plants that have shown a potential to disrupt native communities... Species profiles disrupting native plant communities in Florida to 3 m ( 10in. Of the above species zone in limited numbers s quite possible that there be... De camote amarillo: Spanish ( GT ) Propose photo, D. parazeri, D. Hemsl.. Disrupting native plant communities in Florida Lichvar, R.W., M. Butterwick, N.C. Melvin, and Asia the...: 2014 Update of Wetland Ratings discussing information applicable to 2 or more of the are. And phloem Family, etc. the University of South Florida, Tampa Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides barbasco camote. Or both the dioscorea floribunda common name scientific consensus available, and leaves die at the end of species. Species commonly found in the Preservation of native Flora of Florida plants http! Species that appear as waifs or only periodically appear in the accepted names & taken! Deep zone, and genetics non-spiny, climbing plant up to 10 m long Virginia snake '' even. Be chosen from any of those lists the `` browse '' feature click below on a thumbnail map or for. Leave a comment documented ecological damage caused generally live on land but mostly! With help from Richard Morris low severity poison characteristics 67 % -99 %,... I - species that have shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities in Florida of. Browse '' feature is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range the zone... Florida, Tampa seedless green plants including the mosses, liverworts, and D. barbasco that typically. Jams in Swedish yam in English Bibliographic References definition does not rely on the economic severity geographic!
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